China was one of the first to control its market by banning the turnover
autonomous cryptocurrencies and by issuing the digital yuan. As a result, all operations are
will conduct through the national virtual currency, and the rest
crypto money will be exchanged for yuan.
RSpectr: What is the position of the European Union regarding the circulation of digital coins?
AB: The European Union is now divided due to the UK exit and the pandemic. The EU
resembles a swan, a crab and a pike from a fable. But there are Switzerland and Estonia, which
are actively trying to introduce mechanisms for the use of digital money. Serbia
has now adopted very good regulation legislation
cryptocurrency, although not a member of the EU. According to my information, a number of
documents to legalize your cryptocurrency exchange. I think there is a Russian trace in this
history will be.
Executive Director of the Russian Association of Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain
From 1991 to 2013 he served in state executive bodies
authorities in the field of ensuring the safety of significant objects of critical
information infrastructure, countering technical intelligence and
technical protection of information.
Since February 2013, he has been the head of the non-profit partnership Soyuz
defenders of information «, which unites Russian companies-
licensees of the FSTEC of Russia and the FSB of Russia, working in the interests of
national security of the Russian Federation.
Honorary employee of FSTEC of Russia, member of the Union of Journalists of Russia.
Vice President of the All-Russian sports organization «National
Floorball Federation of Russia ”.
On April 13, 2021, he was elected a member of the Council for Financial, Industrial and
investment policy of the RF CCI.
RSpectr: Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that in the future cryptocurrencies
will occupy a significant share in international transactions. What are the prospects for
national digital money in Russia?
A.B .: The Foreign Ministry very actively supports this decision, because the digital ruble
will allow you to bypass the sanctions that have affected not only Russia.
The biggest problem is that
there is no agreement between the countries on the regulation of the crypt
of the world, which is on fiat money going through
Domestically, we need a clear position from the Central Bank on the use of
virtual ruble. So far, the participants in the crypto market lack clarity. Still
no decision was made at the state level on the status of the digital ruble: it is
an alternative to a non-cash ruble or a separate entity that can
to pay not only in Russia, but also abroad.
RSpectr: Does this mean that we should create a digital ruble outside the
borders of Russia, but for the entire Eurasian Union?
AB: Yes, 140 million of the population is not much for the trade turnover, it is necessary
expand. It would be useful to allow the new ruble to be accepted for payment
oil, gas, weapons.
KILL THE INTERMEDIARY
RSpectr: Digital industries are booming today. How blockchain-
technology will interact with them?
AB: The main purpose of the blockchain is to kill intermediaries who have accumulated over
decades between producer and consumer.
In three to four years, all major networks
non-perishable goods will be closed
They will be replaced by IT companies that will offer smart (smart) contracts for
RSpectr: But there are already Ozon, Wildberries …
AB: Recently, marketplaces have been actively increasing prices. Sometimes they are higher than
in offline stores.
Future digital marketplaces won’t take
tens of percent from manufacturers
Within the framework of a smart contract, 1-10% of deductions will be charged, which cannot
change in the blockchain. New marketplaces will not hold money from
trade, after the sale they immediately go to the manufacturer, minus the percentage for
deal. And some of today’s online trading platforms delay or not
return money to suppliers, resulting in litigation.
I see that manufacturers are ready to create their alliances for joint
promotion of goods. Perhaps they will launch marketplaces, some examples in
agriculture is already there. But in the end there will be no more than two or three aggregators.
A new market will form in a couple of years. Payment will also go in different
formats: in addition to traditional money, producers will issue tokens and coins,
which will make calculations, offering a more interesting course
against the dollar or any fiat.
CRYPTOFUTURE IN A YEAR
RSpectr: Where the digital profile will play in the digital economy
AB: I am sure that each person will eventually earn on
data collected about him because he is their owner.